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OU Libraries Timeline: firsts

1959: First OU "For Credit" Classes

diversityproject_021First "for credit" classes begin on September 21 with 570 students (1). Race and gender statistics are unavailable for this group.

Image: Oakland University Archives

1. In July 1958, OU offers non-credit continuous education class in a converted chicken coop. See OU Firsts

 

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1959: Lynn Anderson Ruth: First OU Student

Lynn E. Anderson First OU StudentChosen from a pool of students who finished in the top half of their class, Lynn Anderson Ruth registers for classes at Michigan State University - Oakland and receives student number 000001, making history as the first MSUO student.

Image: Oakland University Archives

 

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1959: OU's First International Students

diversityproject_030diversityproject_024OU enrolls its first international student, Aydin Ilgaz, a 19-year old male from Istanbul, Turkey (1). Dang Xich Lan (above right), a 29 year old from Vietnam, enrolls in January 1960 (2).

1. "MSU-O Has First Foreign Student," The Oakland Observer, 11 December 1959, p. 5.

2. "Vietnam Student Enrolls at MSUO," The Oakland Observer, 29 January 1960, p. 1.

Images: Oakland University Archives

 

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1960: Association of Women Students

Photo of women walking across OU Vandenberg BridgeThe University forms an on-campus organization for women students: the Association of Women Students (1). This association is briefly mentioned in the October 14, 1960 Academic Senate meeting minutes.

1. Oakland Observer, Oct. 21, 1960, p.3, v.2: no.2.

Image: Oakland University Archives

 

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1962: First OU Enrollment Statistics by Gender

First OU Enrollment Statistics by Gender OU starts reporting student enrollment by gender. According to the Office of Institutional Research and Assessment, a total of 1, 259 students enrolled in the Fall 1962 semester: 615 women and 644 men.

Image: "Enrollment by Gender", Office of Institutional Research and Assessment

 

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1963: First photocopier

The first photocopier was installed at Kresge Library. Copies cost 10 cents a page, but the price was predicted to decrease.

 

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1965: First OU African American graduate

isaac_jonesIsaac Jones is the first African American graduate at OU. He receives a BA in Sociology. In 1968, Jones is fatally shot.OU creates a scholarship in his name (see Chancellor Varner's speech for dignity and justice for all and 1968 Isaac Jones Memorial Scholarship entry below).

Image: Photo of Isaac Jones portrait in Oakland Center. Photographer: Johnnie R. Blunt

 

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1965: IMB 357 computer

An IBM 357 data collection system (a punch-card based computer capable of sending and receiving material remotely) was installed in the technical processes department to facilitate the ordering and cataloguing of library materials.

 

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1965: Library learning

A library information test was taken by 1,000 Oakland University students during orientation week. As a result, 230 students signed up for a short course to prepare them for learning at the library, which was taught two days a week for three weeks. Library knowledge test

 

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1966: Computerized circulation system

A computerized circulation system was implemented, the first of its kind in Michigan.Newspaper clipping with student checking out library book using automated system

 

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1966: Project Upward Bound

Project Upward Bound Scholar Life Cycle Project Upward Bound is founded. A federally funded program, it serves underachieving high school students who have the potential for post high school training. Its mission is to provide academic, social, cultural, and career enrichment that prepares students to succeed in higher education.

 

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1967: Project 20

diversityproject_011In an effort to create a more ethnically diverse student population, OU admits 20 African American high school graduates under the Project 20 initiative. Funded by local businesses, Project 20 "aim[s] at dis-advantaged teen-agers whose high school grades [are] too low to admit them to college. Instead of past achievement they [are] selected on the basis of their potential and motivation". In June 1971, twelve Project 20 students graduate from OU (1).

1. The Sunday News-Detroit, June 13, 1971 p. 22A

Image: Oakland University Archives

 

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1968: First OU Woman Engineer

Ann Auten, a native of Athens, Michigan, is the first female graduate from the OU School of Engineering (1).

1.Lakeland Tribune, August 8, 1968

 

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1969: First OU African-American Celebration Month

OU African American celebration month news clipsIn February 1926, Carter G. Woodson initiates Negro History Week--a recognition of African-Americans' historical contributions (1). By February 1969, Oakland University extends this event to a month-long celebration, seven years before the United States Federal government officially recognizes Black History/ African American Celebration Month (2).

1. Source: Library of Congress, African American History Month: About

2. "OU Sets Events on Black History," news clip from The Eccentric, 13 February 1969

Image: Oakland University Archives

 

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1970: International Students and Scholars

International Students and Scholars Welcome In July, the International Students and Scholars Office is established. As noted on its website, ISSO " is committed to building an international campus through service, support and advocacy to nurture global citizenship and multicultural appreciation."

Image: OU International Students and Scholars Office

 

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1971: Librarians acquire faculty status

The Board of Trustees voted to give librarians faculty status.

Librarians3Minutes of the Meeting of the Oakland University Board of Trustees January 9, 1971

 

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1971: OU La Raza Day

Hispanic Outreach ProgramOakland University Latin-American staff and students, in conjunction with the Admissions Office, sponsors the university's first "La Raza Day". La Raza Day is a campus visitation program, culturally oriented to Latino high school students. The goal of the program is to "promote cultural awareness and to explore the opportunities and facilities available in higher education for...Latino student[s]". The second annual La Raza Day is briefly mentioned in the April 18, 1972 Oakland University Newsletter.

Image: The Hispanic Outreach Program

 

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1972: Telephone hotline

A telephone information hotline service was established, for county-wide use. It provided "immediate reference, referral and photo-copy service when the resources of the local public libraries are unable to meet the needs of their patrons."

 

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1974: Black Alumni Association

The OU Black Alumni Association is established in June.

 

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1977: Bibliographic Retrieval System

The library began to offer computer-assisted literature searching using the Bibliographic Retrieval System. The databases which were available on BRS at that time provided bibliographic citations to the literature of medicine, agriculture, chemistry, physics, education, management and administration, electrical technology, electronics, computers and control engineering, environment and psychology. Three librarians were initially trained to perform searches in these databases for students and faculty, a complex process which could take several hours, and cost an average of $25 per search. In the first year, 41 such searches were performed.

 

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1978: Calculators

The library purchased two hand-held calculators that students could borrow. The annual report stated that "students have had occasion to borrow these calculators frequently and that the calculators have withstood moderately heavy use." Students studying in Kresge Library

 

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1983: OCLC terminal

The library's first OCLC computer terminal for public use was installed.

 

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1987: First online catalog

The online catalog LUIS (Library User Information System) was introduced to the public. It allowed users to search the catalogs of Oakland University, Wayne State, the Detroit Public Library, and other local institutions. Librarian using computer terminal

 

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1990: Copy cards

Copy card service began to replace coin-operated photocopiers.

 

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1992: Gopher network

The Library Menu became an option on the OU Gopher network (a predecessor to the World Wide Web). Within the Kresge Library main menu were such options as the Acquisitions List of New Books, CD-ROM Tutorials, and information about library services.

 

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1994: Email reference service

Kresge Library began providing answers to reference questions via email.

 

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1996: Computer labs

The first classes were taught in a new lab with state of the art instructional equipment, including 25 computer workstations, a CD tower and a file server. Total cost was $150,000, half being financed by a grant of the National Science Foundation. The room was named 'Statistics Classroom for Social Sciences and Business" as it was used to teach statistics as well as library research. Computer lab plan

 

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2006: Asian-American Celebration

collage of diversityproject033, 041, 042, and 043From January 30 to February 3, OU holds its first Asian-American Celebration to recognize the uniqueness of cultures that "fall within the boundaries of Asia," including Russia, Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan.

Image: Oakland University Archives

 

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2009: First credit library course

The library offered a 2-credit online course, 'Research in the Information Age'.

 

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2010: First four-credit library course

The library offered its first four-credit online class, LIB 250 - Introduction to library research and technology in the information age.

 

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Photos courtesy of the Oakland University Archives.

Created by Name / Updated on October 3, 2014 by Name

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