1east n

[ME est, fr. OE east, L aurora dawn, Gk eos, heos; personified by Eos, the Greek goddess of dawn] : a cardinal point of the compass

2east adj
directed or proceeding toward the east

3east adv
to, toward, or in the east

echidna n
[NL, fr. L, viper, fr. Gk Echidna, half-woman and half-snake monster who ate men raw] : an oviparous spiny-coated toothless burrowing nocturnal mammal of Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania that has a long extensile tongue and long heavy claws

echo n
[ultim. fr. Gk Echo, a nymph who pines away for love of Narcissus until nothing is left of her but her voice] 1 : the repetition of a sound caused by reflection of sound waves 2 : one who closely imitates or repeats another's words, ideas, or acts

Egeria n
[L Egeria, a nymph who advised the legendary Roman king Numa Pompilius] : a woman adviser or companion

Elara n
[L, the mother of Tityus in classical mythology] : a satellite of Jupiter

Electra complex n
[L, fr. Gk Elektra, a sister of Orestes who aids him in killing their mother Clytemnestra] : the positive libidinal feelings of a daughter to her father and hostile or jealous feelings toward her mother that may be the source of adult personality disorder when unresolved

Elissa n
[fr. Phoenician name, fr. Gk Dido, a mythological queen of Carthage who killed herself when abandoned by Aeneas] : a girl's given name

elysian adj
[L, fr. Gk Elysion, the abode of the blessed after death in classical mythology] : blissful, delightful

Elysium n
[fr. Gk Elysion] : paradise

Enceladus n
[L Enceladus, a giant thought to lie buried under Mount Etna after warring with the gods and being struck down with a great stone flung at him by Athena] : a satellite of Saturn

Epimetheus n
[L, a son of Iapetus and brother of Prometheus and Atlas; the husband of Pandora and father of Pyrrha] : a satellite of Saturn

eolian adj
[L Aeolus, god of the wind] : borne, deposited, produced, or eroded by the wind

Eros n
[Gk. Eros, fr. eros sexual love] 1 : the sum of life-preserving instincts that are manifested as impulses to gratify basic needs and to preserve the body and mind 2 : erotic love or desire

erotic adj
[Gk erotikos, fr. eros sexual love, personified by Eros] 1 : tending to arouse sexual desire 2 : strongly marked by sexual desire

erogenous adj
1 : producing sexual excitement or libidinal gratification when stimulated, sexually sensitive 2 : of, relating to, or arousing sexual feelings

Etheria n
[L Aetheri(a) Aetheria, a daughter of Helios and Clymene who, with her sisters, was one of the Heliades] : a genus of fresh-water, bivalve mollusks, the shell of which has a pearly, bright green interior

Europa n
[L, a sister of Cadmus who was abducted by Zeus in the form of a bull and taken to Crete, where she bore him Rhadamanthus, Minos, and Sarpedon] : one of the moons of Jupiter

Euterpean adj
[L, fr. Gk Euterpe, Greek Muse of music] : pleasing

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An Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology by Elizabeth W. Kraemer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Last updated 1/13/14