cadmium n
      [NL, fr. L cadmia zinc oxide, fr. fem. of Gk kadmeios Theban, fr. Kadmos Cadmus, the legendary founder of Thebes] : a bluish-white malleable toxic element
   
calliope n
  [L, fr. Gk Kalliope Calliope, the Greek Muse of epic poetry] : a keyboard musical instrument resembling an organ and consisting of a series of whistles sounded by steam or compressed air
   
Callisto n
  [a nymph attendant of Artemis, punished for a love affair with Zeus by being changed into a bear and slain by Artemis] : one of the moons of Jupiter
   
Calypso n
  [L, a nymph who detained Odysseus on Ogygia for seven years] 1 : a satellite of Saturn 2 : a terrestrial orchid of the genus Calypso (Cytherea), of the Northern Hemisphere having a single, variegated, purple, yellow, and white flower
   
capitol n
  [L Capitolium, temple of Jupiter at Rome on the Capitoline hill] : a building in which a state legislative body meets
   
Carme n
  [fr. Gk, the mother, by Zeus, of Britomartis] : a satellite of Jupiter
   
caryatid n
  [L caryatides, fr. Gk karyatides priestesses of Artemis at Caryae] : a draped female figure supporting an entablature
   
caryopsis n
  [cary + -opsis, fr. Caryatis Caryatis, an epithet of Artemis meaning "of the walnut tree"] : a small, one-celled fruit with the pericarp adherent to the seed, as in wheat
   
Cassandra n
  [L, fr. Gk Kassandra, a daughter of Priam endowed with the gift of prophecy but fated never to be believed] 1 : one that predicts misfortune or disaster 2 : a girl's given name
   
Cassiope n
  [NL, L, fr. Gk Kassiope Cassiopeia] : any evergreen, ericaceous shrub of a genus (Cassiopeia), having white or pinkish flowers and scale-like or needlelike leaves
   
Cassiopeia n
  [L, fr. Gk Kassiopeia, the wife of Cepheus and mother of Andromeda] : a northern constellation between Cepheus and Perseus
   
Cassiopeia's Chair n
  the most conspicuous group of stars in the constellation of Cassiopeia, resembling the outline of a chair
   
cecropia moth n
  [NL cecropia, fr. L Cecropius Athenian, fr. Gk Kekrops, legendary king of Athens] : a large North American saturniid moth (Hyalophora cecropia) that is brown with red, white, and black markings
   
centaurea n
  [NL, genus name, fr. ML] : any of a large genus (Centaurea) of composite herbs including several cultivated for their showy heads of tubular florets
   
centaury n
  [ultim. fr. Gk Kentauros] : any of a genus (Centarium) of low herbs of the genitian family whose medical qualities are fabled to have been discovered by Chiron the centaur
   
Cepheid n
  [ISV, fr. Cepheus, Princess Andromeda's father] : any of a class of pulsating stars whose very regular light variations are related directly to their intrinsic luminosities and whose apparent luminosities are used to estimate distances in astronomy
   
cereal n
  [F or L; F cereale, fr. L ceralis of Ceres, of grain, fr. Ceres, goddess of agriculture] : a prepared foodstuff of grain
   
cerium n
  [NL, fr. Ceres] : a malleable ductile metallic element that is the most abundant of the rare-earth group
   
Charon n
  [Gk, the ferryman who conveyed the souls of the dead across the river Styx in classical mythology] 1 : satellite of the planet Pluto 2 : (ironic) any ferryman
   
Charybdis n
  [L, fr. Gk] : a whirlpool off the coast of Sicily personified in Greek mythology as a female monster -- compare Scylla
   
Cimmerian adj
  [L Cimmerii, a mythical people described by Homer as dwelling in a realm of mist and gloom, fr. Gk Kimmerioi] : very dark and gloomy
   

Clio n

  [Gk Clio, Greek Muse of history] : a girl's given name
   
cliometrics n
  the application of methods developed by other fields to the study of history
   
concupiscence n
 

[ME, fr. MF, fr. LL concupiscentia, fr. L concupiscere to desire ardently; assoc. with Cupid, the Roman god of love] : strong sexual desire

   
cupid n
  [L Cupido, the Roman god of erotic love] : a figure that represents Cupid as a naked usu. winged boy often holding a bow and arrow
   
cupidity n
  [ME cupidite, fr. MF cupidite, fr. L cupiditat-, cupiditas] 1 : inordinate desire for wealth : avarice, greed 2 : strong desire : lust
   
Cupid's bow n
  a bow that consists of two convex curves usu. with recurved ends
   
cyclopean adj
  [L, fr. Gk Kyklops, a race of giants with one eye in the middle of their foreheads, fr. kykl- cycl- + ops eye] 1 : huge, massive 2 : of or relating to a style of stone construction marked typically by the use of large irregular blocks without mortar
   
Cyclops n
 

[NL, genus name, fr. L, fr. Gk Kyklops, any of a race of giants in Greek mythology with a single eye in the middle of the forehead] : any of a genus (Cyclops) of freshwater predatory copepods having a median eye

   
cygnet n
  [ME sygnett, fr. MF cygne swan, fr. L cycnus, cygnus, fr. Cygnus, a mythological king who was turned into a swan] : a young swan
   
Cygnus n
  a N constellation in the Milky Way near Lyra; also called the Northern Cross, the Swan
   

Cynthia n

  [L, Cynthius, epithet of Artemis, fr. fem. of Cynthius of Cynthus, fr. Cynthus, mountain on Delos where Artemis was born, fr. Gk Kynthos] 1 : moon 2 : a girl's given name
   

cyprian n

  [L cyprius of Cyprus, fr. Gk kyprios, fr. Kypros Cyprus, birthplace of Aphrodite] : prostitute
   

cypripedium n

  [NL, genus name, fr. LL Cypris, a name for Venus + Gk pedilon sandal] 1 : any of a genus (Cypripedium) of Eurasian and No. American terrestrial orchids having large usu. showy drooping flowers with the lip inflated or pouched 2 : any of a genus Paphiopedaelum) of widely cultivated orchids
   

Cytherean adj

  [L, fr. Gk Kythereia, fr. Kythera Cythera, island associated with Aphrodite] : of or relating to the planet Venus


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An Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology by Elizabeth W. Kraemer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Last updated 1/13/14